https://berumpun.ubb.ac.id/index.php/BRP/issue/feed Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities 2020-10-26T21:30:17+00:00 M. Afifulloh editor@berumpun.ubb.ac.id Open Journal Systems <p><a style="text-decoration: none;" title="Go to website" href="https://berumpun.ubb.ac.id/index.php/BRP"><strong>Berumpun: International Journal of Social, Politics, and Humanities</strong></a> (p-ISSN: <a style="text-decoration: none;" title="Click to display profile" href="http://www.issn.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1533108344&amp;1&amp;&amp;"><strong>2622-8335</strong></a> | e-ISSN: <a style="text-decoration: none;" title="Click to display profile" href="http://www.issn.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1533175733&amp;1&amp;&amp;"><strong>2622-8831</strong></a>) is a scientific, peer-reviewed, and open-access journal published by&nbsp;Faculty of Social and Political Sciences University of Bangka Belitung, Indonesia. The journal aims to be an open-access journal platform that publishes and disseminates the ideas and researches on Social, Political, and Humanities.&nbsp;</p> <p>Berumpun accepts the submission of articles around the year and will be blind reviewed. The journal publishes issue in every March and October.&nbsp;</p> https://berumpun.ubb.ac.id/index.php/BRP/article/view/38 EMERGING THE SCO AS AN EFFECTIVE UNION IN ASIA: CHINA’S ROLE AND AMBITIONS 2020-10-26T21:30:17+00:00 Enayatollah Yazdani yazden2006@yahoo.com Rizwan Hossain rizh64@gmail.com <h3 style="text-align: justify;">The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)is an Eurasian<br>political, economic and security alliance.The SCO which its<br>original focus was on border disputes, has begun an<br>evolution, changing its focus to to economic cooperation and<br>issues of counter terrorism and regional security. China as a<br>founder member of the SCO has an evolving role in the<br>organization. This paper aims to address this main question:<br>what is the position and role of China in the SCO? The paper<br>discusses that China as a major power with a growing<br>economy is playing an effective role in the organization. And<br>the goals which China pursues in this organization are in line<br>with the larger goals of the country in the international<br>arena.</h3> 2020-10-04T01:40:15+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://berumpun.ubb.ac.id/index.php/BRP/article/view/39 CRIMINAL LIABILITY OF ROAD ORGANIZERS IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF LAW NUMBER 22 YEAR 2009 CONCERNING TRAFFIC AND ROAD TRANSPORTATION 2020-10-26T21:30:16+00:00 Andi Najemi andi.najemi66@yahoo.com Kabib Nawawi kabibnawawi@gmail.com <p>The specific goal of this research is to know and analyze the provisions of norms or legal norms relating to the criminal liability of road organizers from the dogmatic aspects of the law and legal principles. Since there is a norm vacuum of Law Number 22 Year 2009 concerning Traffic and Road Transportation, if the road organizer does not exercise its authority, it will result in a criminal offense then this law cannot be implemented or impaired. The statement of the problem in this research is how criminal liability of the Road Organizers and Road Transportation according to Law Number 22 Year 2009 concerning Traffic and Road Transportation.</p> <p>This research is normative. The data were obtained by a detailed analysis of legal materials, primary, secondary and tertiary law. The specification of this research is the pure legal research to get a picture of one problem, namely about the criminal responsibility of the road organizer from the perspective of Law Number 22 Year 2009, concerning Traffic and Road Transportation. &nbsp;</p> <p>Through the legislative approach (normative approach), which is the approach to the applicable laws and regulations to obtain a basis for discussing issues related to traffic and road transport crimes, including legislation Law Number 22 Year 2009, concerning Road Traffic and Transport Law Number 38 of 2004, Concerning Roads, Government Regulation Number 43 of 1993 concerning Road Infrastructure and Traffic. The results of the study indicate that there is a blurring of norms in Law Number 22 Year 2009, especially regarding the concept of road organizers as regulated in Article 24 and Article 273. as a result, the article cannot be operational. So that criminal liability for road organizers if they make a mistake on the formulas of article 24 and article 273 is difficult to account for. Although the organizer of the road as a legal subject if making a mistake should be responsible and can be held responsible based on the theory of strict liability and vicarious liability. The conclusion is that Law No. 22/2009 concerning Road Traffic and Transport does not regulate the concept of road organizers so that if a road organizer makes a mistake as regulated in Article 24 and Article 273 it is difficult to be accounted for, thus ensuring that there is a blurring of norms in The law and unworking.</p> 2020-10-04T02:05:29+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://berumpun.ubb.ac.id/index.php/BRP/article/view/31 JURIDICAL NORMATIVE REVIEW OF CONVERSION CONVENTIONAL BANKS INTO ISLAMIC BANK AFTER THE PROMULGATION OF QANUN ACEH CONCERNING SHARIA FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS 2020-10-26T21:30:14+00:00 Fahrul Fauzi ffahrul107@gmail.com <p>Nowadays, Islamic banks in Indonesia continue to experience growth, one of which is in the Province of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam. In Aceh, in order to support Islamic financial institutions, Qanun No. 11 of 2018 concerning Islamic Financial Institutions has been formed. It is interesting to review the provisions of Article 65 which reads "When this Qanun comes into force, financial institutions operating in Aceh must adjust to this Qanun no later than 3 (three) years from the enactment of this Qanun". These provisions have an impact on every conventional bank in Aceh that must adjust to Islamic principles. In order to continue to run its business activities in Aceh, conventional banks must make adjustments to implement sharia principles. One form of adjustment is to convert conventional banks into Islamic banks as stipulated in the OJK Regulation Number 64/POJK.03/2016. The approach used by the author in analyzing this problem is a normative juridical approach supported by the literature study method.</p> 2020-10-04T02:29:39+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://berumpun.ubb.ac.id/index.php/BRP/article/view/29 CRIMINAL LIABILITY OF FISHERY PERPETRATOR ACCORDING TO FISHERY LAW NUMBER 45 OF 2009 CONCERNING AMENDMENT TO LAW NUMBER 31 OF 2004 2020-10-26T21:30:13+00:00 Yulia Monita yuliamonita@unja.ac.id Nys. Arfa Nys.Arfa@unja.ac.id Zulham Adamy ZulhamAdamy@unja.ac.id <p>Many occurrences of fisheries criminal offenses make the writer interested to learn about criminal provisions and the responsibility of the perpetrators according to Law No. 45 of 2009 concerning amendments to Law No. 31 of 2004 concerning Fishery. By studying, understanding, and analyzing these articles of law, the author significantly obtains the picture of whether this Fishery Law is appropriate and able to force the perpetrator of their responsibility for their actions. The purposes of this paper are 1) To analyze the patterns of fishery criminal so the perpetrators could be charged their responsibilities according to Law No. 45 of 2009, 2) To study and analyze how to determine the penalties according to the Law No. 45 of 2009. This paper is a qualitative descriptive. The method of this research is normative law with conceptual and institutional approaches. The result of the study showed that legislation in Indonesia relating to Fisheries, administratively, there are still several articles that are sticking out and controversy according to Law No. 45 of 2009 concerning amendments to Law No. 31 of 2004 concerning Fishery. For small fishermen who do not have a Yachting Approval Letter (SPB) in Indonesia should be subjected to administrative sanctions such as paying compensation. If administrative sanctions are not implemented, then the principle of ultimum remedium can be applied as a last choice in violations of fisheries and there are still several articles that are detrimental to the interests of the State as well as the interests of local fishermen which, if seen from criminal liability, may be imposed.</p> 2020-10-04T02:31:18+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://berumpun.ubb.ac.id/index.php/BRP/article/view/34 FRAMING STRUCTURE IN RADICAL ISLAMIC GROUP SOCIAL MOVEMENTS: CASE STUDY OF JAMA`AH ANSHARU KHILAFAH DAULAH NUSANTARA (JADKN) AND JAMAAH ANSHARUSY SYARIAH (JAS) 2020-10-26T21:30:12+00:00 febri yanto mrtongpitz023307@gmail.com <p><em>A social movement has various bases, one of them is religion. In the context of a social movement basic, religion can be an effective medium to mobilize people. Religion has a significant element to do the structural-developmental framing (framing process). The framing process can form a core of a moment and an event becoming a valuable experience. This experience will be organized to guide of doing an action. This research analyzes how the structure and the framing process that are done by two Islamic radical/extreme groups. While others analyze the framing structure from the media perspective, this research sees the actor of its social movement by taking the case study of Islamic radical organization namely Jama’ah Ansharu Khilafah Daulah Nusantara (JADKN) and Jamaah Ansharusy Syariahi (JAS). This research uses a qualitative method by doing an interview and document study as the technique of collecting the data. The result shows that other than similarity, these differences are found relating to the framing process and the structure executed by these two Islamic radical groups even though they are identified as the radical group as well.</em></p> 2020-10-04T02:39:09+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://berumpun.ubb.ac.id/index.php/BRP/article/view/36 PEACE EDUCATION BASED ON LOCAL WISDOM OF PELA GANDONG IN SOCIAL SCIENCE 2020-10-26T21:30:11+00:00 Anju Nofarof Hasudungan anjunofarof@gmail.com <p><em>The post-conflict recovery effort in Ambon, Maluku, which was the largest civil conflict after the collapse of the New Order, was not only needed by the survivors of the conflict. But also by the generation that did not experience the bloody conflict. Like students in SMPN 9 Ambon City and SMPN 4 Salahutu Liang Central Maluku who are the next generation of Maluku and of course who will maintain Ambon peace in the future. The purpose of this study is to describe how Social Science Education integrated the value of peace education based on local wisdom pela gandong. This research was conducted in January 2018 and continued in November 2019. The research method uses descriptive qualitative case study approach. Data collection was carried out by means of literature study, interviews, participatory observation, and document analysis. The results showed, with the existence of social conflict material in Social Science Education which was then integrated with Ambon conflict material and peace education based on Pela Gandong. Thus, students have improved both in terms of knowledge, skills and attitudes in understanding conflict and peace education through Social Science Education. At the same time cut off the trauma, mutual suspicion and hatred experienced by students so far.</em></p> 2020-10-04T02:45:12+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://berumpun.ubb.ac.id/index.php/BRP/article/view/30 LGBTQ+ EXISTENCE IN INDONESIA: INVESTIGATING INDONESIAN YOUTH’S PERSPECTIVES TOWARDS THE LGBTQ+ COMMUNITY 2020-10-26T21:30:10+00:00 Ikrar Genidal Riadil ikrargenidal21@gmail.com <p>The presence of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer communities is a mandatory requirement. Even though the LGBTQ+ community is a group of people concerned about religious belief, Indonesians even now regard LGBTQ+ as transgression and sin. Those who do not consequently approve of same-sex marriage. Interestingly, this perception has been disputed because, in reality, others may have started to be open-minded and fully accept the prevalence of LGBTQ+ people in LGBTQ+ communities. This study used qualitative research to investigate the perspective of Indonesian younger generations towards the LGBTQ+ community in Indonesia. The researcher used the questionnaire as an instrument for data collection with ten questions required to fulfilled by Indonesian youth to investigate their perspectives. The study's data is collected from Indonesian participants, with a total of was eighty-three Indonesian youths between the ages of 15-26 in all around Indonesia. Since the issue of the study is quite sensitive in Indonesia, there are sure of positive and negative perspectives that are also apparent in the result of questionnaires. In a nutshell, the study's aim will further help the authorities take precautions to be incorporated in the future. Also, it is to investigate the Indonesian youths from a different background of beliefs and perspectives toward the LGBTQ+ community. The implication of this research informed young people of the LGBTQ+ subculture to Indonesian parents and teachers as those responsible for educating young kids so that they would not be adversely affected by this social phenomenon.</p> 2020-10-04T02:54:41+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://berumpun.ubb.ac.id/index.php/BRP/article/view/40 Perceptions of Teacher and Students on the Use of E-Mail as A Medium in Distance Learning 2020-10-26T21:30:09+00:00 Nashruddin Nashruddin nashruddin@stkipmb.ac.id Fiptar Abdi Alam fiftar.alam@gmail.com Novalia Tanasy tanasynovalia@gmail.com <p>The covid-19 pandemic that hit the world including Indonesia has caused the teaching and learning system change from face-to-face in the classroom to distance learning or online learning. Online learning requires teachers and students to be able to use the information and communication technology (ICT). In ELT, the learning system is also implemented online. One of platforms commonly used in online communication is e-mail. This current study aims to describe: (1) teacher’s perceptions about the use of e-mail as a learning medium in ELT, (2) students’ perceptions about the use of e-mail as a learning medium in ELT. The subjects of this descriptive qualitative research were an EFL teacher and 20 students at a senior high school in Barru. For collecting data, the researchers applied questionnaire, documentation, and interview. Data was analyzed inductively or qualitatively. The results indicated the teacher’s perceptions on the use of e-mail in learning that email is an effective device, e-mail can be used to send many documents, e-mail as a tool to achieve learning objectives, and e-mail makes learning easier. Students’ perceptions on the use of e-mail are e-mail can be used for getting learning materials, e-mail is easy to use, and students can access various assignments on email. However, a small number of students still encountered obstacles in using email as a learning medium.</p> 2020-10-05T23:55:25+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##